There are certain routine tests that should be carried out once a woman reaches puberty, such as Breast Self Examination and when she reaches the age of 40, certain tests should be recommended by your physician. These tests include:
This is an X-ray picture of the breast. It is advisable to have a mammogram examination as soon as a woman reaches of 40. The test can be done before the age of 40, if there is a family history of breast cancer or on the doctor’s advice. A mammogram test can detect if there is a lump in the breast, particularly when it is still small and easily treatable.
An ultrasound creates the picture of the breast and can show if a lump is present. It is a safe and painless procedure used to check for breast lumps. It detects the size, the texture, the shape and density. It does not involve any radiation. The procedure is carried out by spreading a thin layer of gel over the breast, an ultrasound device is then used to back and forth and sends out waves that make different kinds of echoes when they bounce off various types of tissue in the body.
It is advisable to have an ultrasound scan to complement the mammogram after the age of 40.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
This machine makes precise images of inside the body, as well as the tissue and fluids. It uses a large magnetic and radio waves to measure the electromagnetic signals one’s body naturally gives off.